Thesis (Ph.D.) - University of Pittsburgh, 1987.
|Statement||by Robert J. Beattie.|
|The Physical Object|
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The First Five-Year Plan also called for transforming Soviet agriculture from predominantly individual farms into a system of large state collective farms. The Communist regime believed that collectivization would improve agricultural productivity and would produce grain reserves sufficiently large to feed the growing urban labor force. The Five Year Plans - The First Plan Focused on heavy industry ; E.g coal, steel, oil, gas ; New dams and hydro-electric plants were built to create the energy needed for the new industries – e.g Belomor Canal, on which , workers died. However, Stalin suddenly changed policy and made it clear he would use his control over the country to modernize the economy. The first Five Year Plan that was introduced in , concentrated on the development of iron and steel, machine-tools, electric power and transport. Stalin set the workers high targets. He demanded a % increase in. Two Steps Forward. Three Steps Back. First Plan, – First Five-Year Plan (Soviet Union) During this period, Stalin pursued the policy of "collectivization" in agriculture to facilitate the process of rapid industrialization; this involved the creation of collective farms in which peasants worked cooperatively on the same land with the same equipment.
Stalin implemented both these policies (collectivization and rapid industrialization) in his first five-year plan (), and was also successful in their execution; however, in the later years, owing to widespread internal and international oppositions, apart from several other unfavorable factors, the success rate began to drop. The first five year plan () could be construed as a general success even though it did have its moment of failure. The first five year plan was introduced in Russia in an attempt to catch up with the more advanced west. As Stalin said 'We are fifty or a hundred years behind the advanced countries. A system of labor camps maintained in the former Soviet Union from to in which many people died. the government agency that administered the main Soviet forced labor camp systems during the Stalin era, from the s until the s. The Five-Year Plans for the National Economy of the Soviet Union (USSR) (Russian: пятилетка, Pyatiletka) were a series of nation-wide centralized economic plans in the Soviet plans were developed by a state planning committee based on the Theory of Productive Forces that was part of the general guidelines of the Communist Party for economic development.
Gosplan: plan every single little thing about the economy; how many things are made, what is made, and how much it will cost and such First Five Year Plan () -To create socialism. of the Five-Year Plans on steel and brown coal output. Effects of the Five-Year Plans on Soviet Industry 20 15 10 5 0 Output (in millions of metric tons) Steel Brown Coal SOURCE: B.R. Mitchell, European Historical Statistics, – Year Page Wednesday, Octo AMFile Size: 1MB. Book review by Professor Mark Tauger, Department of History, West Virginia University, review published in (Economic History Association), November Reviewing: R.W. Wheatcroft and Stephen G. Davies; The Years of Hunger: Soviet Agriculture, ; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, xvii + pp, ISBN: (This volume is the fifth volume in the series on . (55) With the start of the first five-year plan (), the Soviet Union did not award a single additional concession, and sought to restrict existing concessions on the basis of special agreements by purchasing remainder rights from the holders. (56) .